1990-91   Graduate School of Fine Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
                          Visiting Critic of Sculpture
1981-85   Columbia University, New York, NY
                          Adjunct Professor of Sculpture
1962-68   Pratt Institute, School of Architecture, Brooklyn, NY
                          Adjunct Professor of Sculpture
1951-62   North Carolina State College, School of  Design, Raleigh, NC
                          Associate Professor, Professor of Sculpture and Design (1958), Tenured (1960)
1949-51   Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO
                          Instructor of Sculpture and Design
1948        Bradley University, Peoria, IL
                          Instructor of Sculpture and Design



M. Gayle and M. Cohen: The Guide to Manhattan Out Door Sculpture, 
          Prentice Hall Press, New York, NY, 1988
E. L. Fundaburk and T. G. Davenport: Art in Public Places in the United States,
          Bowling Green University Popular Press, Bowling Green, OH, 1975
Dore Ashton:  Modern American Sculpture,  Harry  N. Abrams, New York, NY 1973
Ola Maie Foushee:  Art in North Carolina - Episodes and Developments 1585-1971,
          Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1972
Wayne Craven:  Sculpture in America,  Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1968

With Kinetic Sculpture, Bradley University, Illinois - 1948

With Kinetic Sculpture, Bradley University, Illinois - 1948


Architectural Digest, April 1983, p.132
Contract, November 1980, p.152
Archives of American Art Journal, Vol. 18. No. 1, 1978, p.13
Town and Country,  February 1976, p.91
Time,  April 7, 1967, p.66
Look,  September 1965
Art in America,  February 1956


American Artists of Renown
Dictionary of Contemporary American Artists
Who's Who in America
Who's Who in American Art


1945-48   Institute of Design, Chicago, IL, BS in Industrial Design
                Studied with Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Alexander Archipenko
1945-46   Assistant to Archipenko at Institute of Design and at his Woodstock, NY   
                Summer School in 1946


Fine Arts Federation of New York: Honorary Vice President 1997 - present; President
     1993 - 1997;  Vice President 1992 - 1993;  Director 1987-1992
New York Artists Equity:  Consultant 1988 - present; President 1985-87;  Vice President
     1980-84;  Director 1977-80
Sculptors Guild: Director 1980-1985;  President 1976-1980;  Director 1967-76